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I am an evolutionary biologist broadly interested in ferns and lycophytes at both the organismal and macroevolutionary scale. I work on topics ranging from systematics, anatomy, and physiology, to character evolution, biogeography, and diversification. My current research program applies a multifaceted approach, integrating anatomical, morphological, physiological, and phylogenetic techniques to elucidate the evolution, form, and functional significance of vascular architecture in ferns. Vasculature is one of the most important innovations in land plant evolution and in no other clade of plants do we see such a complexity of vascular architecture as in the ferns. For this reason, it is imperative to study the evolution and functional significance of these architectures in order to understand why this diversity exists, and how it evolved throughout geologic time.